Chikungunya [Swahili “that which bends up”]
a self-limited disease resembling dengue, seen mainly in Africa
and Southeast Asia, caused by an alphavirus transmitted chiefly by mosquitoes
of the genus Aedes; its most prominent symptoms are musculoskeletal and
it has occasionally been associated with hemorrhagic fever.
Chikungunya virus is most likely of African origin. In early 2005, a large
outbreak of chikungunya occurred in the Comoros islands located off the
east coast of Africa. From there, the virus circulated to other islands
in the Indian Ocean. Chikungunya virus is most commonly transmitted to
humans through the bite of an infected mosquito, specifically mosquitoes
of the Aedes genus, which usually bite during daylight hours.
Symptoms of infection, which generally last three to seven days, include
the sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, severe
joint pain (arthralgias), and rash. Although rare, the infection can result
in meningoencephalitis (swelling of the brain), especially in newborns
and those with pre-existing medical conditions. Pregnant women can pass
the virus to their fetus. Residual arthritis, with morning stiffness,
swelling, and pain on movement, may persist for weeks or months after
recovery. Severe cases of chikungunya can occur in the elderly, in the
very young (newborns) and in those who are immunocompromised. Chikungunya
outbreaks typically result in several hundreds or thousands of cases but
deaths are rarely encountered.
Recent outbreaks have occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa, India, South-east
Asia, and the Philippines. Treatment for chikungunya typically involves
treating the symptoms and includes bed-rest where the symptoms are most
severe. Using protective measures to prevent being bitten by an infected
mosquito remains the only means to reduce the risk of exposure.
a viral and non fatal disease responds well to Homoeopathic Medicines.
Though the disease is non fatal and self limiting the symptoms are not
bearable. But the Homoeopathic Medicines reduces the symptoms completely.
Medicines are prescribed according to the symptoms similarities or the
peculiar symptoms each patient presents with. These medicines not only
reduces the present symptoms but can also be prescribed as a preventive
medicine. Medicines like Eupatorium Per, Bellis Per, Arnica, Rhus Tox,
Bryonia, Belladonna, Ferrum Phos, Natrum Mur, Pyrogenum are usually prescribed.
In mild cases Belladonna and Ferrum Phos in 200 potencies
can be taken every 2 hours till the symptoms reduces.
In severe cases of bone pains, headache and fever Eupatorium
Per, Arnica & Bellis Per can be taken in 200 potencies every hourly.
In case of High Fevers Pyrogenum 200 can be taken every
hourly till fever reduces.
During this hot summer season the remedies like Nat Mur
and Bryonia can be taken by those patients having severe thirst and other
Measures to Avoid Mosquito bites.
Remain in well screened or completely enclosed, air-conditioned areas.
Wear light-coloured clothing with full-length pant legs and sleeves. Use
insect repellent on exposed skin. Surroundings should be kept clean. Marshy
areas should be cleared.
Homoeopathic Repellents are Sabadilla, Staphysagria and Azadirachta Indica
can be applied in tincture form to the exposed parts of the body to protect
from mosquito bites.